Yarn Types


Known as the quality cotton yarn, combed cotton is formed through carding the long and fine raw cottons from combed cotton circle and through short-staple fiber spinning. For the production of these quality and expensive yarn type, a large budget is needed. It is smooth and soft.
It is cleaner and more homogeneous than carded yarn.

Fabrics made from combed yarns have better quality compared to fabrics made from carded yarn. It is a water absorbent. It is used in women, men and children’s clothing, the inner and outer clothing and home textile products.


Obtained from short raw cotton, it is the cotton yarn whose carding has not been made. It has lower quality compared to combed cotton yarn. Smoothness of fabrics made from carded yarns is less. They form a loose, rough and hairy fabric. They are seen pale and dirty.

Carded ring yarns are used in weaving sportswear fabrics, linens, denims (blue jeans), cords, towels, upholstery fabrics, home textiles, technical fabrics.


It is a quality wool yarn obtained from the carding of long and fine raw cottons and then their spinning. Its tensile strength is good, unevenness is minimal. Thin wool yarns are obtained this way. This type of yarn which enables obtaining smooth surfaced fabrics, endow with fine-textured and knitting products. Its heat insulation feature is low and it is easy to iron. From worsted yarns, heavy outerwear products which are generally worn in winter are produced.


It is obtained through processing the fibers whose uncarded and short fiber rate is high according to the woolen yard technology. Fibers picked from the card as wicks/cords (pre yarn) are turned into yarns through spinning. Its surface is rough and hairy.

Due to their softness and volume, fabrics made from woolen yarn are good at insulation. As they are rough and hairy, they are not used much in the knitting industry. Iron-repellent yarn types are suitable for coat and blanket production.


Linen yarn are obtained from stalks of linum (the plant) and produced from flax fibers. They are divided into two parts as long staple and short staple. While short-staple linen yarns are rough and thick, long staple yarns are thin and delicate.

Short staple yarns are usually used in producing coarse fabrics woven in homes while long staple yarns are used in weaving more delicate fabrics as they are thin and have smooth surface. It is used in the production of summer clothing. It is also used in the production of home textile, wipes, cloths, wipes.


Yarns obtained from regenerated cellulose fibers in filament form are called floss (rayon). They are silk-like in terms of their features such as touching, brightness and appearance and they are soft and loose.
Floss yarns in filament form have a wide range of usage in woven/textile and knit fabrics. They are used in obtaining fine blousily and fancy fabrics.

They are used in home textiles, ready-made clothing and industry fields. They are used in the production of elegant and loose dresses.


It is the synthetic fiber type obtained from polyester fibers. They are low humectant and their melting point is 260 ° C. Polyester yarns are synthetic yarns having an important place in the textile which can be used as textural or untextural. Their cross-section is circular. They have high tensile strength.

They have a broad range of usage in the production of woven and knitted fabrics as they are durable and flexible. Due to their low moisture absorption, they create static electricity and and pilling problems. They are used in women and men’s clothing, home textiles.


The yarn type having two types called as nylon and perlon, are manufactured from polyamide fibers. Nylon yarns, also known as polyamide yarns, can be manufactured in different sizes and thicknesses. They are used as textured and untextured. They have high tensile strength and elasticity.

The most important feature of the fabrics produced from nylon yarn is their durability. Although it creates pilling problem, it is advantageous as its static electricity is low. It is used in underwear, socks, sportswear and home textile products.


They are the yarns formed by the spinning of the yarns in different colors. The bending features are adjusted according to the place the yarn will be used. The same or different fibers in different colors in the production of mouline yarns can be used. Having an even surface appearance, mouline yard is used in the production of woven and knitted fabrics.

Mouline yarn used for durable fabrics are preferred in women and men’s clothing.


They are synthetic (fully synthetic) yarns produced from acrylic fibers being petroleum derivative. Orlon and modacrylic are the best known acrylic yarns. They are climate-resistant, lightweight and warm, easy to maintain, bright and quick-drying yarns.

It is low humectant. It has considerable resistance to high light and weather conditions. It is often used in women’s and men’s outerwear products, home textiles.


Melange yarn that can be obtained from blend carder or melange/vigoureux print, is formed through blending the fibers in different colors at determined rates. This fabric type used in knitting and weaving, has a mealy/greying, color-variant view. It is used in women and men’s wear.