What should be paid attention to while using knitwear?

Entering into our language from the French word “tricotage”, knitwear (tiriko in Turkish) is the name of the knit fabric produced in knitting machine or warp knitting machines. Before mentioning what should be paid attention to while using knitwear, it would be useful to examine the history of this type of fabric. When you become familiar with knitwear, you will easily realize the things you need to pay attention when buying and using it.

The history of tricot produced in warp knitting machines, yarn making, weaving and sewing techniques date back to 5000-6000 BC. In archaeological excavations, it has been determined that Central Asia Turks and Egyptians were engaged in knitting in6th and 5th centuries BC. Over time, this art spreading to other communities has developed rapidly from hand-knitting machines to mass production machines until today.

Priest William Lee, without having a prior knowledge, makes a knitting machine that can knit 600 knots per minute through using simple tools to facilitate the household of his wife. In 1758 Jedediah Strutt finds the dual plate knitting technique. In 1805, Joseph Marie Jacguard, in Lyon, France, finds the mechanical jacquard technique for weaving machines. A.Eisenstuck from Chemnitz develops the knitting machine which is in the shape of roof having dual plates (needle bearings) and then he obtains the patent of it in 1857. In 1863, American inventor Isaac William Lamb, invents the first knitting machine that could sustain its basic principles up to date.

Knitwears sown in these machines have been continued to be used especially in women’s and men’s clothing for centuries.

General Properties of Knit Fabrics (Plain Knitting)

  • Knitwear yarns are less twisting/spun while weaving yarns are more twisting/spun.
  • In knitwear yarns twisting coefficient (α) is around 3.6, whereas in weaving yarns it (α) is around 4.2.
  • So as to ensure the tricot yarns to operate smoothly in knitting machines, paraffin process is applied to yarn in winding phase.
  • In knitted fabrics, elasticity is better than in woven fabrics.
  • Flatbed knitted fabrics have higher shrinkage tendency. It is necessary to rest the fabrics before cutting.
  • Cloth spreading is not performed while cutting knitwears.
  • As tricot fabrics stretch and fit the body tightly, intermediate sizes are not used. For example: Sizes are S_M_L_XL or 38-40-42-44 or 1-2-3-4. The measurement difference is very little among sizes.
  • Lycra fabrics should be ironed before cutting so as to determine its shrinkage allowance.

What should be paid attention to while using knitwear?

Tricot is one of the most widely used type of fabric in garment. What you need to be careful when using are:

  • Do not wash your clothes in the machine. You can wash by hand with detergent or shampoo, wring gently and dry on towel.
  • Do not fall into the error of drip-drying as this would cause your tricot to sag.
  • You can straighten your pilled tricots with a razor through little movements like combing and by doing so you can get rid of lumps.
  • Putting buckskin or darning leathers, emblems/coat of arms to your damaged or punctured tricots would allow you to use them longer.
  • You can wear pilling tricots with satin, jersey and leather. Never wear with wool fabrics, because such kind of fabrics pull all the piles.
  • You can put a thin strip made from combed cotton or jersey on the wristband of your loosened sweaters and clothes.

Knitwears also have a life as any garment product has. However, it is possible to extend the life of the garment in the event of complying with the terms of use written on labels and the features of the fabric. You can use your clothes for a long time with the right washing and drying methods.