Fabric Types

Fabrics, which are different from each other, are used in the textile industry during production. Each type of fabric selected according to the desired specialty of the product has different properties. Natural fabrics have non-sweaty, breathing feature. Natural fabrics that do not have allergic effect crease quickly and are difficult to iron. On the other hand, another example is synthetic fabrics which are durable and easy to take care of. The most known and used in the sector among innumerable fabric types are:

Natural Fabrics


It is one of the most commonly used fabric types. It is a herbal natural fiber. It is obtained from the cocoons of the cotton plant. It gains organic feature with the cellulose substance it contains. In addition, cotton’s being capable of confining air brings cotton fabric the feature of insulation. It has less flexibility, it is strong and durable. It is often preferred as it enables sweat to aerosolize through evaporating. It is especially used in the production of summer clothes, underwear and baby clothing. It is convenient to be washed in hot water. It keeps cool and is flexible, resistant to abrasion and dashes. Attention should be paid as its color endurance is not high,


It is durable, soft, shiny and resilient. This kind of fabric made from silkworm is preferable because it absorbs moisture and is non-sweaty. Due to the fact that even water drops stain, it is a fabric needs attention while using. It cannot be washed at high temperatures and centrifugal machines. Hand wash is recommended for silk fabric which has a high color strength.


Obtained from the body of a plant called linux usitatissium, linen is a fibrated fabric type. Due to its difficulty in weaving, it is a less preferred type of fabric. However, it is durable and absorbent. Linen products especially used in summer keeps cool and is non-sweaty. Although its tendency to crease is high, it is resistant to ironing.


Obtained from sheep, wool is a protein fiber having high crimps in its nature and bristles origin. Its fineness, structure and properties vary according to the kind of sheep from which it has been obtained. Certain types of wool are; merino, lincoln, leichester, sussex. They are fabrics with high hygroscopic feature, are soft and flexible. This fabric type is hygroscopic, does not repel the heat out of the body. It shrinks when washed at high temperatures, tends to felt and blench.


It is the second layer silky wool of goats living in the plateaus of China, India and Mongolia originating in the coldest weather. Although it is similar to wool with its many features, it is finer, shinier and softer than wool. Cashmere is used in luxury products requiring softness, warmth and good drape.

Synthetic Fabrics

Polyester, Nylon and Lycra

Heat sensitive synthetic fabrics, are washed with warm water and ironed at low temperature. Their color endurance is high and they do not crease easily. They can be easily burnt/ignited and they carry static electricity.


Acrylic, whose maintenance is easy, is produced from polyester. It is not resistant to sunlight and chemicals. It is especially used in knitting works; it provides an advantage with its being soft, comfortable and light. It is easy to take care of and can be washed in washing machines.

Artificial Fabrics

Acetate, Rayon and Viscose

Artificial fabrics are preferred due to their gentle touch and durability. They absorb moisture and are static.

Worsted Fabrics


It is the general name given to the fabrics in which worsted yarn made from shiny fibers such as mohair is used.


It is the fabric in which shiny and pure colors like red, blue, green and yellow are used in complex plaid made from worsted or woolen yarn. They are used as shawls, skirt or cover.


They are fabrics of coats on which a curved and shiny “hay” layer has been formed.

Tropical Fabrics


They are fabrics with self-patterned stripes and heavyweight.

Crepe (Worsted)

They are often used in women’s dress.


It a fabric suitable for dresses which is 2/2 twill woven and on which step effect is given by applying a particular color scheme.


It as a fabric for clothes which is woven from worsted yarn and which is thin, flexible and durable. It is also used as a fabric for suits, skirts and two-piece suits.Fine merino wool is usually used in its yarn and produced in white, black, dark blue colors.


It is woven from worsted yarns being a blend of linen or wool / linen in loose texture as a summer cloth.


They are hard and lightweight fabrics. They are obtained through the folding of the high twist yarn. Mul yarn can also be used to give a mealy or sandy color effect to fabric.

Gabardin (worsted)

It is one of the fabric types whose durability and flexibility is poor. It is one of the ideal fabrics for the pants and overcoat. It is preferred due to its water-tightness.