Textile Terms

Abrasion: Stained appearance on the fabric.

Applique: A sewing technique in which fabric shapes, lace or trim, are sewn onto a foundation fabric to create designs.

Assortment: Separation of fabric according to the sizes and its cut accordingly.

C-tex relaxing machine: wrapping machine used to reduce the tension of lycra fabric before cutting

Calender machine: machine that provides brightness to fabric.

Camisole: A rib type.

Coated: image showing the whole pattern in the package.

Combed Cotton: in textile industry, fabric whose finishing is completed with a private tools and upper garment made of fabric.

Conveyor belt: conveyor belt.

Cursor: plastic or iron zipper head for unzipping and zipping in linens or pillows.

Decatizing: the machine finalizing tube goods.

Denier: The numbering system used in rayons.

Denim: A kind of cotton fabric used in making jeans.

Disperse dye: paint type used in the dyeing of polyester fabrics.

Double-knit fabric: knitted fabric with two yarns.

Drape: tucks and gatherings on the clothes.

Drill: diagonal lines in weaving.

Duck: the apparatus on which fabric is wrapped

Edge stitch: decorative stitches sown 1 mm above

Elastomer: fiber with high flexibility.

Facing seam: Top collar.

Fastness: the measurement of resistance of the fabric to some circumstances of daily life (such as washing, perspiration, sunlight)

Fibre: very thin and long pieces forming all kinds of substances.

Filmdruck: printing machine that prints with frames.

Finish: making the fabric ready for dispatch.

Finishing: Processes performed during finishing in order to add extra features to the fabric.

Fitted: fitted/contour sheets.

Fixed: setting the fabric at high temperature and fixed width.

Flat: Flat sheets.

Forklift: the vehicle with electrical or diesel motor-driven carrying and lifting load of various tonnages.

Frill: furbelow, ornament around the garment.

Garnish: prints made with designs prepared by carving the filled metal cylinders.

Gause: burning process of the pile in cotton fabrics.

Gradation: Systematic reduction and enlargement process

Grej: Raw thread.

Hemming: Sewing of fabric edges through turning in.

Ht: coloring at high temperature and pressure.

Inspection: To check.

Interlining: intermediate material in order to weight clothes.

Interlock: knitted structure produced in knitting machines whose long and short needles are laid together.

Ikaset: vehicle with roller wheels that has been equipped with appropriate materials accordant with the type of cloth used so as to ensure the mobility of bundles in production which have been made ready for sewing in regimentation department.

Jacquard tulle: Tulle woven in jacquard knitting machine.

Jersey: single-sided fabric made generally of cotton and knitted singly and plainly in circular knitting machines

Kantara: A polyester fabric type.

Kontres: needlework that is made so as to staystitch the lower and upper points of the trouser pockets.

Layout table: tables on which the fabric is cut.

Linen: a plant (Linumusitatissimum) of linaceae having blue flowers and five petals whose fibers are used in weaving.

Lurex: general name given to bright silvery fabrics.

Lycra: synthetic fibers with dupont patent added to the fabric during knitting so as to increase elasticity.

Melange: yarn obtained with a mixture of open fiber in different colors, uncertain multi-tone effect type.

Mercerized: increasing the brightness and strength of cotton fabric through a basic process.

Meto: colored labels used for marking of defective parts.

Open width: the open state of fabric to its width

Overlock: the process carried out in sewing machine used in order to overcast, clean, combine; and which have different types according to different fabric types and processes.

Pad-batch: Cold painting machine.

Palette: wooden frame on which fabric can be laid.

Pastal: layer of fabric composed of multiple fabric layers in which cutting layout is placed.

Pigment: a type of paint which is water insoluble, adhered to the fabric and used in printing.

Pile: hairs on the fabric surface.

Pique: a kind of knitting

Placement print: woven or printed patterning consisting of a single design which appear uninterruptedly on the whole width of the fabric.

Placket: filling material according to the kind of paint that will be printed.

Plaid: repeating pattern.

Plotter: machine preparing pattern films with computer method.

Pneumatic: Pneumatic, aerial.

Polar: a polyester fabric type.

Printing: pattern and background printing process onto fabric using different colored paints.

Ram/Tenter: drying, finishing machine.

Reactive dye: a very durable dye which react with cotton.

Red-Tag: the card on which all existing fabric patterns or colors are affixed.

Rib: fabrics knitted alternately with the vertical row of reverse loops and the vertical row of plain loops.

Rotation: section working with circular templates.

Sewing band: sewing machine track placed according to a certain plan

Sham: ornamental cushions.

Shrinkage Test: Testing the shrinkage of the fabric widthwise and lengthwise

Single needle: a sewing machine type.

Slack: the abundance of width that must be let absorbed.

Soldering iron: sharp-pointed tool to cut the lace curtain with heat.

Spreading plating machine for wet fabric: the machine cutting wet tube fabric.

Swatch card: An order’s color samples.

Touching: degree of the smoothness of fabric.

Tube: uncut version of fabric after knitting.

Variant: the preparation of fabrics having the same pattern with different colors.

Velvet: Bright, soft fabric whose surface is covered with raw material fibers that have been laidat a certain length.

Vinyl bag: plastic bag.

Viscose: Artificial cellulose fiber.

With leveling blade: having blade to cut bulges.

Worsted: Combed wool.

Yoke: Enclosure.