Textile Printing Types

serigrafi-baskiTextile printing is the technique providing the shape of the patterns on garment, home textile and industrial products. In this technique allowing the transfer of non-woven patterns on the fabric, molding tools being metal frames on which silk (mesh) is stretched are used. With a large tool called scraping knife on whose margin there is rubber, the paint inside the mold is transferred onto the fabric through holes set according to the pattern by pushing it back and forth.

With printing techniques used in garment and other textile products, the processes of making a mold and designing pattern are performed. Today, printing processes are carried out faster in mass production with the help of machines.

What are Textile Printing Types?

The most widely used types of textile printing except repeat fabrication production machines:

Moulded Printing

It is the printing type applied on fabric types being cotton and having absorbency. It is applied in the same manner with silk-screen (serigraphy) printing.

Advantages

  • If subjected to heat treatment, it has a high retention and persistence.
  • If vectorial patterns with a few colors will be used, it is cheap.
  • It is produced at reasonable costs except for expenses such as mold, film, transportation.
  • Different types of paint can be used.

Disadvantages

  • A hard fabric structure is obtained.
  • It does not allow skin to take air.
  • There is a requirement to make a mold for each color piece seperately.
  • Printing cost for units less than 50 pieces increases.

Direct To Garment (DTG – Direct printing with machine on the product)

The process of making pattern on the fabric is called direct to garment. It is often used in producing tailor-made products.

Advantages

  • It offers the possibility to have tailor-made t-shirts.
  • It allows you to take air to the extent the selected fabric permits.
  • It is designed for single piece printing.
  • It also has the ability to print on cotton fabrics and on dark backgrounds.

Disadvantages

  • It cannot print multi-peaces in a short time like moulded printing.
  • As it is suitable for single-piece printing, mass production cannot be made.
  • It is not very common in Turkey.

Screen-print (Serigraphy)

It is the printing type applied with molds with little holes on which silk is stretched through using paints involving diluter and printed on fabrics which do not have absorbency such as plastic, polyester, metal. Its advantages and disadvantages are the same as screen (moulded) printing. It is applied on work clothes, uniforms, warning signs.

Süblimasyon Baskı

Sublimation Printing

Patterns are printed on custom-printers and papers. The printing is completed upon pressing the sublimation paper put on the surface to be printed. It is Usually found in photographers.

Advantages

  • It can be applied on many home decorations and ceramic mugs apart from fabrics.
  • It has an easy application technique.
  • It allows to do custom manufacturing.

Disadvantages

  • It can only be printed on white polyester t-shirts, white polyester football uniforms.
  • It can never be applied on cotton surfaces.
  • It can irritate the skin as polyester is used.
  • Polyester causes bad odor.
  • Polyester reproduces bacteria.

You should give particular importance to your personal desires when selecting the appropriate printing type to the area that the printing will be applied. You will have no reason to hesitate as the machines which undergo different tests and implementations during printings made in factory products prepare the most beneficial products for the human body.